The science community then submitted nominations of the most eminent among them to be members of the Academy. The President of the Philippines named ten scientist from a wide range of disciples to be the first Academicians in 1978. Henceforth, nominations have continued to come from the scientific community but their election as Academicians is the prerogative of the members of the Academy alone, following thier strict rules of reciew and selection. Every Member is distinguished, known ntionally and internationally in his or her own right. Collectively, the Academy represents the best of what this country has produced in science and Technology.
 
The Annual Scientific Meeting started in 1978 and has since earned the distinction as the most prestigious Philippine scientific conference. The NAST Transactions, composed of papers presented in the ASM, is the annual journal of the academy. NAST also publishes books and monographs based on the studies of its members and ither rnowed scientists.
 
In 1982, through Executive Order 818, the Academy was also formally charged with the function of advisory body to the President of the Republic of the Philippines and the Cabinet on policies concerning science and technology in the country.